in the physical climate at the time of overshoot and by is provided in Cross- Box on ‘. warmer worlds’. Cross- horror kingdom and halloween night full printing bedding set Box also highlights the implications of overshoots. A brief summary of the accrual of RFCs with global warming, as assessed in WGII AR, is provided in the following s, which leads into an update of relevant
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‘hiatus’ period of the s. Temperatures are regularly above . of warming, although radiative forcing is consistent with a warming of . Deadly heatwaves in major cities droughts in southern Europe, southern Africa and the Amazon region, and major flooding in Asi all intensified by the global and regional warming , lead to increasing levels of public unrest and political destabilization , … An emergency global summit in moves to much more ambitious climate targets. Costs for rapidly phasing out fossil fuel use and infrastructure, while rapidly expanding renewables to reduce emissions, are much higher than in Scenario , owing to a failure to support economic measures to drive the transition . Disruptive technologies become crucial to face up to the adaptation measures needed , … There is strong participation in all major world regions at the national, state andor city levels. Transport is strongly decarbonized through a shift to electric vehicles, with more cars with electric than horror kingdom and halloween night full printing bedding set combustion engines being sold by Several industry-sized plants for carbon capture and storage are installed and tested in the s Competition for land between bioenergy cropping, food production, and biodiversity conservation is minimized by sourcing bioenergy for carbon capture and storage from agricultural wastes, algae and kelp farms Agriculture is intensified in countries with coordinated planning associated with a drastic decrease in food waste This leaves many natural ecosystems relatively intact, supporting continued provision of most ecosystem services, although relocation of species towards higher latitudes and elevations still results in changes in local biodiversity in many regions, particularly in mountain, tropical, coastal and Arctic ecosystems Adaptive measures such as the establishment of corridors for the movement of species and parts of ecosystems become a central practice within conservation management The movement of species presents new challenges for resource management as novel ecosystems, as well as pests and disease, increase Cross- Box in . Crops are grown on marginal land, no-till agriculture is deployed, and large areas are reforested with native trees Societal preference for healthy diets reduces meat consumption and associated GHG Cross- Box in . There is no single ‘. warmer world’.
Impacts can vary strongly for different worlds characterized by a . global warming. Important aspects to consider are the possible occurrence of an overshoot and its associated peak warming and duration, how stabilization of the increase in global surface temperature at . could be achieved, how policies might be able to influence the resilience of human and natural systems, and the nature of regional and subregional risks. Pathways which rely heavily on reductions in methane instead of CO will reduce warming in the short term because CH is such a stronger and shorter-lived greenhouse gas than CO, but will lead to stronger warming in the long term because of the much longer residence time of CO Myhre , Pierrehumbert. In addition, the dominant loss mechanism for CH is atmospheric photo-oxidation. This conversion modifies ozone formation and destruction in the troposphere and stratosphere, therefore modifying the contribution of ozone to radiative forcing, as well as feedbacks on the oxidation rate of methane itself Myhre . Focusing on pathways and policies which both improve air quality and reduce impacts of climate change can provide multiple co-benefits Shindell . These pathways are discussed in detail in s .. and .. and in Cross- Box in . All . scenarios from include some overshoot above . of global warming during the st century and Cross- Box in this . The level of overshoot may also depend on natural climate variability. An overview of possible outcomes of .-consistent mitigation scenarios for changes
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